In 2005 Le Balkan-Bulgaria Foundation and Branta-Tours ensured that essential conservation work was done to restore the Dalmatian Pelican breeding site at Srebarna Nature reserve with the financial assistance of Swarovski Optik (see photographs).
The Srebarna Biosphere Reserve (see picture) has the highest international nature protection status: it is included in the UNESCO List for Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (1983); it is recognized also as a Ramsar Site under the Ramsar Convention for Protection of Wetlands (1975); it is a part of the World-Wide Network for Biosphere Reserves of UNESCO (1977) and Important Bird Area (IBA).
The breeding colony of the Dalmatian Pelicans in the Srebarna Biosphere Reserve (see picture) is one of the few such colonies in Europe and unique for Bulgaria. It is the last one remained in the region of the Lower Danube, where several pelican colonies used to exist till the end of 19th century.
As a result of this from 1998 to 2003 a team from Le Balkan implemented several very important measures and management techniques at the site (see picture). The result of these measures was that the pelican colony was protected from extensive flooding and predators (see picture). We obtained authorisation for implementation of this project from the Bulgarian Ministry of Environment and Water through the established written agreement.
In parallel, a joint monitoring programme between Le Balkan and the "Station biologique de la Tour du Valat" (www.tourduvalat.org) has been running in Srebarna Dalmatian Pelican colony. This work is included in an international research and conservation program on the species.
Actual case: Some time ago Le Balkan-Bulgaria Foundation ( www.lebalkan.org) together with Branta Tours (www.branta-tours.com) ensured that essential conservation work was done to restore the Dalmatian Pelican breeding site at Srebarna Nature reserve: In 2005 an unexpected phenomena happened at Srebarna Nature reserve: the floating reedmat, on which the hide, the tunnel and the breeding platforms for pelicans were built, moved by several hundreds of meters (see picture) and left an open bay. Because the breeding season was quite advanced, there has been no damage to the pelicans, and they continued to feed their young as if nothing had happened.This event created a situation, which would have been detrimental for the pelicans if we had not done anything. Le Balkan and Branta-Tours had to reinstate the floating reedmat to its former location, and to put bunches of reeds around the site as protection from the elements in readiness for the next breeding season. We also built two new rafts, 25 and 20 m2 respectively; in order to approach a surface area available for breeding next year of at least 300 m2 as opposed to the 350 m2 of the former installed structures. We decided that the old structures should be left where they are so that we offer a choice of breeding sites to the pelicans.
In order to succeed to make a safe breeding area for pelicans next year we needed therefore significant financial help to undertake the building of the rafts and their installation to establish the new breeding site.
Le Balkan and Branta-Tours would like to thank the Ministry of Environment
and Water and Swarovski Optik for their financial help:
In 2007 our efforts were again well rewarded as the number of breeding pairs (147) was the highest in comparison to the previous years.